We’re growing garlic again! You can plant garlic in the spring, but I do it in the Fall. Overwintering like this gives the garlic a head start and makes for a higher yield. Here’s how I do it:
- Plant during the first week of August
- Separate the cloves and plant them root side down (pointy side up)
- Plant the cloves 1 foot apart with 1” of soil above the tip
- You should see green shoots in the fall
- If winter lows get below 20°F, mulch the shoots to protect them from the cold
- Fertilize in the spring when you notice that they are growing (I like Osmocote Plus)
- Re-apply fertilizer as necessary (read the label)
- Water regularly during the early summer
- Stop watering when the leaves start to die
- Harvest from dry soil when about half the leaves have died (but some are still green)
Some people plant closer together or deeper. I have sometimes planted the cloves so that there is no soil above the pointy end (because I wanted to see the green shoot as soon as possible). So you can adapt this method to your own situation.
I grow hardneck garlic. I like them better than softneck because they have fewer, larger cloves that are easier to peel. They also have a good strong flavor that I like. Hardnecks are better adapted to the cold than softnecks, but softnecks keep longer.